محل تبلیغات شما ...برای کسب اطلاعات بیشتر کلیک نمایید

سایت جامع آتش نشانی ایران NFSI

برنامه ریزی و توسعه ایمنی و آتش نشانی ، مهندسی و مدیریت ایمنی حریق در ایران

زمان ، دما و خسارات

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منبع تصویر دوم: 

Colorimetric Materials for Fire Gas Detection—A Review

ضوابط فنی سازمان برنامه و بودجه

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مشخصات فنی عمومی و اجرایی سیستم های ردیابی و اعلام حریق ساختمان

طبقه بندی آتش سوزی/ Classes of fire

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Classifying fire

:Fire classifications based on fuel type

  • Class A: Ordinary combustible materials, such as wood, cloth, paper, rubber and many plastics. They burn with an ember and leave an ash. Extinguish by cooling the fuel to a temperature that is below the ignition temp. Water and other extinguishing agents are effective.
  • Class B: Flammable liquids (burn at room temperature) and combustible liquids (require heat to ignite). Petroleum greases, tars, oils, oil-based paints, solvents, lacquers, alcohols, and flammable gases. High fire hazard; water may not extinguish. Extinguish by creating a barrier between the fuel and the oxygen, such as layer of foam.
  • Class C: Fuels that would be A or B except that they involve energized electrical equipment. Special techniques and agents required to extinguish, most commonly carbon dioxide or dry chemical agents. Use of water is very dangerous because water conducts electricity.
  • Class D: Combustible metals, such as magnesium, titanium, zirconium, sodium, lithium and potassium. Most cars contain numerous such metals. Because of extremely high flame temperatures, water can break down into hydrogen and oxygen, enhancing burning or exploding. Extinguish with special powders based on sodium chloride or other salts; also clean dry sand.
  • Class K: Fires in cooking appliances that involve combustible cooking media (vegetable or animal oils and fats).
منبع :
 https://www.nfpa.org/News-and-Research/News-and-media/Press-Room/Reporters-Guide-to-Fire-and-NFPA/All-about-fire